What is Inclusive Education?

Inclusive Education differs from separate education in special schools. It is where all children, regardless of differences have the opportunity to learn with and from each other. In inclusive settings, differences are valued, but the focus is on similarities which are common to all children. An inclusive educational environment, which can be an inclusive school as well, defines differences as an ordinary par of human experience, to be valued or organized for. In settings like these, the modeling provided by the peers reduces the amount of input required by the class teacher or moderator.


Benefits of Inclusive Education

All children benefit from inclusive education. It allows them to:

  • Develop individual strengths and gifts, with high and appropriate expectations for each child.
  • Putting inclusive values into action.
  • Work on individual goals while participating in the life of the classroom with other students their own age.
  • Involve their parents in their education and in the activities of their local schools.
  • Foster a school culture of respect and belonging.
  • Inclusive education provides opportunities to learn about and accept individual differences, lessening the impact of harassment and bullying.
  • Develop friendships with a wide variety of other children, each with their own individual needs and abilities.
  • Positively affect both their school and community to appreciate diversity and inclusion on a broader level.
  • Supporting everyone to feel that they belong.
  • Reducing exclusion, discrimination, barriers to learning and participation.
  • Restructuring cultures, policies and practices to respond to diversity in ways that value everyone equally.
  • Linking education to local and global realities.
  • Acknowledging the right of children to an education of high quality in their locality.
  • Emphasizing the development of school communities and values, as well as achievements.
  • Fostering mutually sustaining relationships between schools and surrounding communities.
  • Recognizing that inclusion in education is one aspect of inclusion in society. 


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